There are different types of hearing loss. Sensorineural, Age-related, Mixed, and Traumatic are different causes and treatment options. These four common types of hearing loss can cause significant damage, but they do not have life-threatening symptoms. If you have hearing loss, seek help immediately.
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Sensorineural hearing loss is a condition that affects the hearing of both children and adults. It is often progressive and can begin as early as childhood. It mainly affects high frequencies and is most prevalent in men. In severe cases, the loss of hearing can be irreversible. The main risk factor for sensorineural hearing loss is exposure to loud noises, such as music. Fortunately, there are many ways to protect yourself from loud noises.
The first step in determining whether you have sensorineural hearing loss is to seek a hearing specialist. They will perform a series of tests to determine the cause. These tests will produce a chart that shows your hearing levels at different frequencies in your inner and outer ears. A hearing professional can diagnose properly by carefully examining your ears and analyzing the results, and they may recommend Phonak hearing aids solutions to treat your hearing loss. The most common causes of sensorineural hearing loss for many people are genetic variations, loud noises, and old age.
Symptoms of sensorineural hearing loss include difficulty understanding conversations on the telephone or certain parts of speech. People with this type of hearing loss may also lack the directionality of sound. In addition, they may feel that people are mumbling when speaking. Audiologists may perform audiometry to diagnose sensorineural hearing loss and differentiate it from other types of hearing loss. Pure tone audiometry, a test that measures bone conduction thresholds, and speech audiometry can also be helpful in the diagnosis of sensorineural hearing loss.
Age-related hearing loss
As people age, the sensitivity of their auditory system decreases. This is characterized by the loss of high-frequency hearing, which makes higher-pitched sounds and certain consonants hard to hear. Age-related hearing loss occurs in both ears. One of the most common types is presbycusis which is related to the deterioration of cells in the inner ear. Other types are caused by changes in the blood supply to the inner ear or the thickening of the tissue within the inner ear.
Although there is no cure for age-related hearing loss, there are many ways to treat the condition. The most common treatments include hearing aids and other devices. Aside from hearing aids, other methods of treating hearing loss include telephone amplifiers, pagers, and smartphones. However, some older people may experience tinnitus or other symptoms that are a symptom of a more serious condition.
A healthcare provider can help you determine whether you’re experiencing age-related hearing loss by performing a hearing test. If your hearing loss is severe, your healthcare provider may refer you to an audiologist for further testing. An audiologist can test your hearing and suggest the appropriate treatment.
Mixed hearing loss
Mixed hearing loss is a condition in which your inner and outer ears are affected. This means that it is difficult for you to hear and understand speech. If your inner ear is damaged, you may have conductive, mixed hearing loss. During a hearing test, a specialist will record and interpret the sounds in your ears. This will determine the hearing loss you have.
Mixed hearing loss can be caused by several factors, including aging, infections, and ototoxic drugs. In rare cases, it can also be caused by systemic diseases, such as neurofibromatosis type II and multiple sclerosis. Despite the wide spectrum of causes, diagnostic tests will focus mainly on the underlying cause of the sensorineural component.
In some cases, patients may be able to correct their mixed hearing loss through surgery. Although surgery may be an option, this treatment is riskier for certain age groups and is not recommended for everyone. If you have mixed hearing loss, you must contact a hearing care provider for advice on the best course of action.
Traumatic hearing loss
Traumatic hearing loss has two main types: conductive and sensorineural. The former type results from damage to the external or middle ear. This may prevent sound waves from reaching the inner ear, which causes a reduction in a person’s ability to hear. The latter type occurs when there is a problem with the auditory nerve or the inner ear.
The most common causes of traumatic hearing loss are vehicle accidents. They include car, motorcycle, truck, and crashes involving pedestrians and bicyclists. In addition, many people who suffer traumatic hearing loss have damaged their hearing airbags. The explosive sound that these airbags make can damage auditory nerves.
There are various treatment options available for trauma-induced hearing loss. This condition’s treatment depends on the type of trauma and the hearing loss. Therefore, seeking medical care as soon as possible following a traumatic incident is important to ensure a positive outcome.