Dengue Fever: Signs and Symptoms of Dengue Fever

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Dengue, the deadly virus, is a form of a virus that is infected by the female mosquito Aedes. DENV is the virus which causes dengue. DENV is known as the dengue virus.

By the inoculation of the mosquito saliva in the human blood, it is transmitted. These are the mosquitos that are even responsible for the other virus and fever highs including zika virus and yellow fever.

In Asian and Latin American countries dengue can be a cause of serious illness and even death. When dengue is diagnosed initially the proper care can even cure dengue. People with dengue can be cured at home at the initial stage

. It is also a reason many people cannot be taken to a proper facility because of the misconception of every time being taken care of at home.

In most cases, it is asymptomatic which means that it shows no serious symptoms, just mild ones, the one that resembles the flu-like illness. It mostly lasts from 2-7 days and it involves an incubation period which takes 4-10 days after the bite of the mosquito.

In the start, we are going to see the general mild and severe symptoms. Later on, we will discuss the four serotypes.

Signs and Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Some facts and attacks of the people who are suffering from dengue fever including mild and severe symptoms of Dengue.

Common symptoms

People with dengue fever experience some of the most common symptoms that are mentioned below

  • Body pains mainly targeted areas are joints, bones, and headaches.

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Rashes

The above three are the most common symptoms that patients with dengue fever definitely can see in patients suffering from dengue fever.

People with Patients who are suffering from dengue fever can be of two types

  • Patients with mild symptoms

  • Patients with severe symptoms

Mild Symptoms

People with mild symptoms of dengue fever can include symptoms just like many other diseases which include body pains including bone, eyes and joint pain.

  • It can even cause headaches, and rashes over the body or certain parts of the body.

  • People with dengue fever also feel nauseous.

Mostly the symptoms can be from 2-7 days. Almost after a week, people start Recovering.

Severe symptoms

Severe symptoms are called hemorrhagic dengue fever. The question here is what is a hemorrhagic fever?

  • People with severe symptoms of dengue fever can experience a medical emergency.

  • Abdominal pain mainly in the belly portion

  • Patients experience random vomiting at least three to four times a day (24 hours)

  • Patients even suffering from Bleeding including nose and gums

  • The most dangerous symptoms which can be confused with some serious illness is the blood vomiting and stools which includes blood

  • No energy, easily irritable and feeling extremely tired

Treatment of severe dengue

  • If you have any warning signs, see a doctor for Dengue fever or go to the emergency room immediately as soon as possible

  • Medical emergencies can be called out in case of severe symptoms.

Treatment

  • When we have some kind of problem in terms of health you can experience it by yourself sometimes it can be mild and can be treated at home but sometimes it’s not your cup of tea to seek a medical emergency

  • It can only be done by the medical expert. It means a physician or a healthcare worker.

  • In the case of dengue fever there is no special way to cure the dengue fever.

  • Rest is the biggest solution to cure dengue fever as soon as possible.

  • It is very common in fact the national medicine in Pakistan which is none other than panadol can be taken in case of fever.

  • Patients should not take aspirin or ibuprofen.

  • Aspirin and ibuprofen are avoided in the dengue because of their properties of preventing blood clots.

  • Ibuprofen is also a painkiller but it is not included in the treatment of dengue fever as it may cause gastritis and bleeding .

  • Fluid use is a must. Patients should drink water a much as they can and they can also use juices and fluids with electrolytes added.

  • In short people with mild symptoms can be treated at home by the caretaker they can even recover in 2 to 7 days.

Sign fo alarming situations

  • Signs of alarming situations can include the emergency room of a hospital.

  • It became worse even within hours.

  • But severe dengue is not a very rare but not very common condition now because in 20 people one can suffer from severe conditions.

  • It includes internal bleeding which includes bleeding in the form of vomiting and stool.

  • People who had dengue in the past are more likely to suffer from the severe conditions of the deadly virus. The people that can easily suffer from this can be children and pregnant women.

Treatment of severe dengue

The only solution to treat the severe dengue virus is to Go to the hospital or the clinic nearby you as soon as possible in case severe symptoms show up.

FOUR SEROTYPES OF DENGUE FEVER

There are four serotypes that are responsible for the dengue virus, which is known as DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4.

Like other diseases dengue fever also includes some of the stages to know the severity of the fever which are mentioned below:

  • Febrile phase

  • Critical phase

  • Convalescent phase

  • Maternal stage

Febrile Phase

  • The febrile phase is defined as having or showing the symptoms of a fever.

  • In this phase, fever can be for 2-7 days. It can also be biphasic fever.

Biphasic can be defined as

a fever which is having a chance to return back after 1-2 days.

Other than this patients can suffer from the followings signs and symptoms in this condition

  • An extreme form of headache

  • retro-orbital eye pain means pain behind the orbit of the eye

  • muscle, joint, and bone pain;

  • Macular or maculopapular: maculopapular rash is made of both flat and raised skin lesions.

  • It is a mixture of macule and papule. Macules are basically skin lesions which are flat and discoloured Whereas papules are red. Both are merged together.

Rash and minor hemorrhagic manifestations

  • Ecchymosis: it includes skin discoloration which can come from the bleeding from underneath of the skin.

  • Purpura: purpura is a stage of skin patches of purple colour. It can be seen in the mucus membrane.

  • Epistaxis: It is simply a nose bleed, nothing more than this.

  • bleeding gums

  • Hematuria: urine in the blood of the patient

  • In the beginning, 24–48 hours, some patients may have the inoculation of oropharynx and facial erythema.

  • Some emergencies can be seen before going to a hospital

From mild to severe Signs

In the late febrile phase, warning signs of lenient to severe stage of dengue around the time of suspension, and include constant vomiting. unbearable abdominal pain, an increase in mucosal bleeding, difficulty breathing, restlessness.

Critical Phase

  • At defervescence in the febrile phase,the critical phase of dengue begins and usually lasts from one to two days.

  • Increasing in the diastolic blood pressure as a result of narrow pulse pressure

  • Pleural effusions, ascites, hypoproteinemia, or hemoconcentration can be seen in patients with severe plasma leakage.

  • Patients seem well despite having the early signs of shock. Notwithstanding, when hypotension is created, systolic pulse quickly declines, and irreversible shock and demise might follow in spite of revival.

  • Patients can likewise foster serious hemorrhagic appearances, including hematemesis, ridiculous stool, or menorrhagia, particularly assuming they have been in drawn out shock. Phenomenal indications incorporate hepatitis, myocarditis, pancreatitis, and encephalitis.

Convalescent Phase

Convalescent phase is the recovering phase from any kind of illness. In this phase the patient starts to recover from the disease. And gaining all the lost plasma leakage.

Dengue During Pregnancy

  • The third and most complicated stage is the dengue during pregnancy. Here raises the question of why? Because there are high chances of maternal transmission.

  • However, it cannot be exactly seen how many many cases of maternal transmission have been reported to date.

  • Maternal transmission is the transmission of the outcomes of the sickness a mother enduring at the hour of pregnancy Perinatal transmission can happen, and peripartum maternal disease might improve the probability of suggestive contamination in the infant.

  • The infant may be suffering from the following preterm birth, low birth weight, and fetal distress.

  • The infant may also be suffering from severe dengue.

Conclusion:

There are no special treatments for the patients that are suffering from dengue fever. It can be easily cured at home by hydrating yourself, having painkillers, and resting. But this does not take it very lightly every single time.

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