For having influencing PhD. Dissertation, you must have a good command of different data collection methods. If you do not have an idea about all methods, you may not be able to get the best out of your research. Therefore, this article at Gets Me Up aims to discuss data collection methods in detail.
1. What is meant by Data Collection?
Data collection is a systematised way to collect relevant information for a particular problem. In research work, data is collected to get the in-depth information to evaluate a specific aspect. In some research, you have to collect data to test a hypothesis. On the other hand, there can be a research question to address. In both cases, you have to do an analysis that requires data. Otherwise, it remains impossible to provide support to the conclusion of the study. Research always demands evidence for every claim. Without evidence, your effort, time, and investment are not worth it. So, you have to be very clear about each aspect of the research work. From one purpose to another, you can find a variety of data types. It can be in numeric as well as subjective forms.
The data collection methods are not only used at an academic level, but these are also common to practice at an organisational level. Different business sectors collect data to make a good decisions about their products and services. For example, an organisation is working on a new mobile phone model. Without having any valid reason, it cannot be sure if the new model is getting worth in a society or not. In this case, the risk factor is also high. So, to reduce the risk factor and increase the chances of more revenue generation, the company has to go for data collection and analysis.
2. What are the two types of data?
There are two types of data. It can be in the numeric form or descriptive form. Based on your research type, you have to see which data type is best. When you have to test a hypothesis through research, subjective data is collected. The purpose of personal data collection is to get in-detail measurements. Based on the data analysis, the decision is made if the hypothesis is true or false. Of different data collection methods, this one is termed a qualitative method. Also, it is common to call it qualitative data for research.
In contrast to subjective data, you may have to collect numeric data. It includes facts and figures to check the impact of a particular happening. Researchers take such types of data collection methods as quantitative methods. Also, in the research language, you have to call this type of data quantitative data.
3. What are Different Data Collection Methods?
From a broader perspective, you can use two data collection methods. Hiring a PhD dissertation writing service UK can help you collect data. The first one is a primary data collection method. At the same time, the other is secondary data collection. Let’s discuss these methods in detail.
Primary Data Collection Methods
Primary data collection methods refer to first-hand data through different means. In a primary method, there is no restriction for a data type. You can collect data in subjective as well as numeric forms. The only point is that data must be in the form of the first copy. You can collect primary data by the following means:
It must be clear to you that different data collection methods demand different levels of expectations. In the case of data collection through interviews, you can work well with experience. You cannot judge and evaluate the statements of an audience without experience. Therefore, you should not prefer the interview method at the start of your research career.
Another data collection method is a survey that covers feedback from potential audiences. The detailed feedback helps you evaluate the product or service. You can design questions for the survey in different ways. It can be manual or ready-made. For ready-made questions, you can use online tools and save your efforts. You can design a questionnaire and an online poll for data collection for writing a dissertation for PhD.
Focus Group Method
The focus group method is the same as the interview. In addition to the interview, the focus group targets more than one person and makes a group. It is preferable to target nine to ten people in one group. In this way, you can save a lot of effort and time. Also, you end up having quality data.
Secondary Data Collection Methods
Secondary data collection methods refer to the already existing data. Most researchers prefer secondary data because of many reasons. In the case of secondary data, you can save travel expenses and the efforts to bring participants.
Internet and Libraries
For data collection through literature, you must have good research skills. You must be good at evaluating the data and the researcher’s credibility. Understand your research topic and find the most relevant data through literature. You can also search for material from libraries. There are bundles of publications, dissertations and journals in complex forms. You can find such material in libraries as well as on the internet.
The secondary data collection methods cover governmental records too. This data is hard to access. Sometimes, it is possible to get data by requesting the administration for your PhD. dissertation. In some cases, the sensitivity of data does not make it accessible.
Sales and Financial Reports
The secondary data can also be in qualitative and quantitative forms. At an organisational level, you can find both data types. Many organisations make sales and financial reports. These reports are accessible, and you have to contact the higher authorities of the concerned company.
The points mentioned above can help you get the best data for analysing the designed problem. Data collection methods are of different types that are selected on the bases of the problem of PhD. Dissertation. The potential audience is targeted to get quality information out of them.