Bladder Cancer: Causes, Complications and Effective Treatment Options

Bladder Cancer: Causes, Complications and Effective Treatment Options
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People exhibiting symptoms that correlate with bladder cancer must visit a specialist at the Fauji Foundation Hospital. The specialist will determine the cause by conducting several tests. An early diagnosis will help reduce the complications.

The cancer is formed in the urinary tract, and the person experiences unbearable pain in the back and blood in the urine. Without treatment, it can lead to severe complications that can be life-threatening. Men above 35 are more likely to suffer from the condition.

Symptoms Related to Bladder Cancer

The symptoms of bladder cancer are:

  • You can notice blood in the urine.
  • A patient feels a burning sensation while urinating.
  • patient has constant back pain.
  • You feels lethargic, and cannot engage in physical activities due to weakness.
  • The feet remain swollen.
  • The patient can notice a rapid change in their body weight. They lose weight without physical exertion and dieting.

Causes of Bladder Cancer

The abnormal growth of the cells causes bladder cancer. The risk factors that correlate with the abnormal growth are:

  • People who consume tobacco are more likely to suffer from bladder cancer.
  • People with exposure to chemicals are more prone to develop a tumor.
  • Individuals who suffer from recurrent urinary tract infections are more likely to suffer from bladder cancer.
  • People exposed to radiation are at a higher risk of suffering from bladder cancer.

Complications Associated with Bladder Cancer

The complications associated with bladder cancer are:

  • Cancer can spread to the nearby organs and affect their functioning. It can lead to the death of the patient.
  • The person is more likely to be anemic and suffers from correlated complications.
  • The patient suffers from swelling in the urethra that can cause pain and discomfort.
  • The patient is more likely to suffer from urinary incontinence.
  • The person suffers from urethra stricture, which may lead to serious complications.

Preventive Measures to Minimize the Occurrence of Bladder Cancer

The preventive measures include:

  • You should consume at least one liter of water every day.
  • Persons with recurrent infection must take proper medication and modify their lifestyle to enhance their physical health.
  • They should eradicate smoking from their lifestyle to avoid the occurrence of lung and kidney diseases.
  • People should take vegetables and fruits enriched with antioxidants in their daily diet.

Tests to Diagnose Bladder Cancer

The tests that assist in diagnosing bladder cancer are:

  • Cystoscopy: It is a procedure in which a thin tube with a camera is inserted into the urethra to detect any abnormalities that indicate the presence of a tumor.
  • Urine Cytology: The test helps detect the presence of cancer cells.
  • Biopsy: The bladder biopsy is a procedure to investigate the presence of cancer cells under a microscope.
  • Urogram: The test helps evaluate the functioning of the bladder, ureters, and kidneys.
  • Retrograde Pyelogram:  The test helps get a detailed image of the bladder and kidneys.

Effective Treatment Options for Bladder Cancer

The medication, procedures, and therapy that have been proven effective in treating bladder cancer are:

  • Immunotherapy: The treatment helps to improve the immunity system that can fight against cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy: The injection that helps destroy the cancerous cells.
  • Cystectomy: It is a surgical procedure to remove the affected part. The affected part of the bladder is partially or completely removed to stop the spread of cancerous cells.
  •  Transurethral resection of bladder tumor: It is a procedure that helps remove the tumor from the bladder.
  • Radiation Therapy: The therapy helps kill the cancerous cells by using high-energy radiation. It helps to slow the growth of cancerous cells.

People diagnosed with the condition must visit the best urologist in Islamabad for guidance regarding effective treatment options. The specialist will guide the person regarding the cause and complications associated with the disease. The treatment will allow the person to function adequately in various aspects of life.

 

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