- Cross-site scripting (XSS)
Nearly four out of every ten cases of all cyber attacks are Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.
It is crucial that the reader should note that Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) is one of the biggest security vulnerabilities because the attacker will need able to easily get access to such sensitive information as Session Storage, Local Storage, and even cookies.
Some preventive measures against Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) include never injecting any unknown scripts into the web page and always using CSS escape.
- Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
With Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF), attacking hackers may be able to manipulate users into executing malicious code or taking some unauthorized actions on the vulnerable website or the application.
The most common way of initiating a Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) attack is by looking at all the unprotected form elements present on a given web page and injecting the malicious code through it.
Hackers can also use Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) to update the email address of a user on their website. And then further request a password change in order to completely take over their account. Thus the hacker will have all the powers of the account holder in question.
Adding a Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) token can help programmers avoid this nightmare.
- Client-Side Issues
When developers introduce an outside API on the client-side, it automatically increases the vulnerability of the application. More often than not, poor web development practices are to be blamed for this.
What makes this vulnerability worse is that the client-side browser scripts already have access to all the content that is returned by the web app directly to the client’s web browser. This can include cookies and other sensitive data like user session IDs. This can, in turn, lead to hackers trying to hijack the host’s user sessions and probe for more sensitive user Data Science.
- One should adopt Runtime Application Self-Protection (RASP)
Runtime Application Application Self-Protection (RASP) is a programming technology that is specifically designed. For detecting attacks on an application in real-time. It can analyze both the app’s own behavior and the overall context of this behavior in order to protect the same from any malicious attacks.
Since Runtime Application Self-Protection (RASP) continuously monitors the app’s own behavior. It also becomes easier to identify and mitigate any issues in real-time without wasting time that would. Be spent otherwise while waiting for manual human intervention.
- One should avoid using the eval() function.
The eval() function is generally used by web developers to run their text as a small piece of code. That is a bad programming practice. It makes the website vulnerable to a number of threats, and one would be wise to go with more secure functions.
- One should encrypt with SSL/ HTTPS
Encrypted data on the client and the server-side can make your application more secure. That means, even if hackers were to get access to the data, they would find it in encrypted form and unusable to them. Simultaneously, one should also secure the cookies to limit the use of application cookies for secure and encrypted website pages only.
- One should focus on API Security.
The Bottom Line