Agile: Values and Principles of Agile Manifesto

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Today’s modern businesses have become agile by adopting the agile project management methodology. Now, Agile is a way of thinking that organizations adopt to be able to respond to change. The agile mindset has revolutionized the traditional ways of project management. Initially started in software development, agile has become a popular methodology behind all successful modern organizations

Agile Software Development

The evolution of project management began with the introduction of agile thinking in the IT industry in the form of agile software development. Agile software development is a set of frameworks that includes Scrum, Extreme Programming (XP), Feature-Driven Development (FDD). It is based on the Agile Manifesto created by a group of software practitioners. There are four values and twelve principles that outline the agile manifesto.

Values and Principles of Agile Manifesto

The idea behind creating the agile manifesto by the group of software developers and testers in 2001 was to help other software developers and testers around the world. Since traditional software development did not allow revisiting previous processes, agile software development gave that benefit to software professionals by going back and forth through the various processes to create products that met the requirements of their customers. Agile Software Development is based on the 4 values of the agile manifesto, they are as follows:

  •         Individuals and Interactions over Processes and Tools
  •         Working Software over Comprehensive Documentation
  •         Customer Collaboration over Contract Negotiation
  •         Responding to Change over Following a Plan

Thus, from the above four values of the agile manifesto, we can conclude that agile methodology leaves behind all the traditional concepts of project management as well as software development. Agile puts the customers and their requirements at the forefront and allows opportunities for collaboration with them. Traditional methods of elaborate documentation, following a fixed plan or process using tried and tested tools, are given less importance in agile. Whereas, creating trust among customers and developing value-added products and services through the creation of working software and actively responding to change is given greater importance.

12 Principles of Agile Manifesto 

The 12 Principles of the Agile Manifesto are:

  1.       Satisfying the customers’ expectations through early and continuous product/software delivery.
  2.       Allow changing the requirements in the product/software even during the later stages of development.
  3.       Continuous delivery of working product/software to customers.
  4.       Collaboration between developers and other professionals in the organization.
  5.       Prioritize individual involvement and self-organized teams to create product/software.
  6.       Regular meetings to discuss team progress and productivity.
  7.       Creation of working product/software is the main objective.
  8.       Focusing on sustainable development through effective collaboration between sponsors, developers, and users.
  9.       Greater attention to good designs and technical expertise.
  10.   Simplifying the product/software development process.
  11.   Best results emerge from teams that are independent and self-organized.
  12.   Reflection of team performance to improve processes that are lagging.

Conclusion

Agile Practitioners and software practitioners follow these four values and twelve principles of the agile manifesto. It is the cornerstone of agile software development and the agile methodology of project management. Therefore, aspiring agile practitioners must have a thorough understanding of the agile manifesto including its 4 values and 12 principles. PMI-ACP (Project Management Institute-Agile Certified Practitioner) Certification helps agile practitioners’ aspirants to validate their knowledge and skills in the agile methodology and transform the business processes of their organizations. Earning this valuable credential will help agile practitioners achieve their career objectives as well.

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